This morning, community leaders and advocates will break ground on the Purple Line after three decades of debate and legal battles, some of which are ongoing. Why has the Purple Line kept moving forward? This post from last summer takes a look at why so many people continue to fight for it, from local environmental groups to Governor Hogan.
The Purple Line will be a 16-mile light rail line between Bethesda and New Carrollton. It’ll connect three Metro lines, all three MARC commuter rail lines, and Amtrak, as well as countless local bus routes. It’ll serve two of the region’s biggest job centers, Bethesda and Silver Spring, as well as Maryland’s flagship university. It’ll give Montgomery and Prince George’s counties a fast, reliable alternative to current bus service and Beltway traffic.
However, it’ll do a lot more than that.
1) It’ll make walking and bicycling a lot easier and safer. The Purple Line project includes rebuilding or extending trails across Montgomery and Prince George’s counties, building on the area’s growing bike network.
The Capital Crescent Trail, which ends two miles outside of Silver Spring, will get fully paved and extended to the Silver Spring Metro station, where it’ll connect to the Metropolitan Branch Trail. The trail will get a new bridge at Connecticut Avenue and new underpasses at Jones Bridge Road, and 16th Street, so trail users won’t have to cross those busy streets.
Streets in other parts of the corridor will get rebuilt with new sidewalks and bike lanes. University Boulevard in Langley Park will get a road diet. Wayne Avenue in Silver Spring will get a new, extended Green Trail.
2) It will let more people live and work near transit more affordably. Metro has its problems, but people still value living in walkable, transit-served neighborhoods. As a result, communities with Metro stations can be very expensive. The Purple Line puts more neighborhoods and more homes near transit, as well as more opportunities to build new homes near transit, helping meet demand and fighting spikes in home prices.
3) It will improve commutes far beyond Bethesda to New Carrollton. The Purple Line will dramatically improve transportation access for people who live or work near one of its 21 stations. But even those whose homes or jobs aren’t near the Purple Line may travel through the corridor, getting a faster, more reliable trip.
Right now, a bus trip between Silver Spring and Bethesda can take 20 minutes at rush hour (though in reality it takes much longer due to traffic). On the Purple Line, that trip would take just nine minutes. That’s a time savings for anyone passing through the Purple Line corridor, like if you were going from Riverdale (which will have a station) to Rock Spring Business Park in Bethesda, which won’t have a station, but you'd save time by taking the Purple Line to Bethesda and switching to a bus, versus taking a bus the whole way as you would today.
4) It’s finally bringing investment to some of our most disadvantaged neighborhoods. Communities like Long Branch, Langley Park, and Riverdale have long awaited the kind of amenities more affluent communities take for granted. When Maryland and the federal government agreed to fund the Purple Line, people took notice. Long Branch businesses formed an association.
Riverdale residents and business owners are pushing for a more attractive station. A few blocks away, this ad for a new house being built lists exactly one feature: “located within steps of purple metro line’s Beacon Heights Station (officially approved by state of Maryland for 5.6 billion).”
While the Purple Line can help meet the demand for transit-served housing, there are real concerns that home prices may still rise, resulting in gentrification and displacement. That’s why residents, business owners, and the University of Maryland partnered on the Purple Line Community Compact, which creates a plan for ensuring that people can afford to stay.
5) We actually don’t know everything the Purple Line will do. Transportation planners can estimate how many people will use a transit line, but we can’t predict how it will affect people’s decisions about where to live, work, shop, or do other things. That’s the most exciting part.
Metro helped revitalize Silver Spring. The Purple Line can do this for more communities. Photo by the author.
Metro helped make 14th Street a nightlife destination. It turned Arlington into an economic powerhouse. It transformed Merrifield’s warehouses into townhouses. Those changes weren’t guaranteed, but as a region we took the risk and it paid off.
We’re poised to do the same thing for a new generation of neighborhoods along the Purple Line.
While a recent lawsuit from a group of Chevy Chase residents temporarily halted the project, the facts remain that this is a strong project that has major benefits for Maryland.
That’s why everyone from environmental groups to neighborhood groups to business groups support this project. That’s why Governor Hogan agreed to build it, even if he did make some changes to save money.
And that’s why, despite a small but vocal opposition, it is getting built.