A cyclist boarding a train in Germany (not Maryland). Photo by Steven Vance on Flickr.

The Maryland Transit Administration (MTA) is seriously looking at how to let passengers bring ordinary bicycles aboard MARC trains. A background briefing by top MARC officials last week left bicycle advocates with the distinct impression that they want to allow bikes on some weekend trains within the next year or so.

MTA officials have long said that the combination of high speeds and full trains prevented allowing bikes.  At a meeting three years ago, advocates pressed the matter with Simon Taylor, the Assistant Administrator of MTA, and John Hovatter, Director of MARC and Maryland Commuter Bus Operations. 

Taylor and Hovatter made it clear that there was no real prospect for bikes on trains anytime soon. But they also said that MARC was planning for weekend service, and that bikes “should” be allowed if that service started. 

At the time, weekend trains seemed like a remote possibility.  Now they are a reality, and MARC officials are evaluating options for allowing bikes aboard some weekend trains.

Why MARC does not allow bikes on trains

Taylor and Hovatter explained their reluctance to allow bikes on trains to several advocates at the 2011 meeting. Federal safety rules require bicycles to be securely tied down on trains running faster than 70 mph, lest they become projectiles in a crash, the officials said.

On the Penn Line, trains exceed 70 mph along most segments except in Baltimore.  On some stretches, the trains exceed 110 mph when pulled by electric locomotives.  MTA engineers have been unable to devise a way to quickly secure bikes without permanently removing 3 to 5 seats from the car for every pair of bikes. With full trains, that is not a tradeoff that MARC is willing to make.

The Camden and Brunswick Line trains are not so full, so removing a few seats in favor of bike racks might be reasonable for those trains.  But MARC rotates all train sets (except for the electric locomotives) between the three lines, so modifying cars for those two CSX lines would make Penn Line trains even more crowded.

Could MARC allow bikes on the Camden and Brunswick lines with the existing train configuration?  Given that WMATA allows bikes on off-peak Metrorail trains, it might seem safe to do so.  But Taylor and Hovatter countered that the CSX track is much poorer, generating side-to-side jostling which can cause bikes to slip out of the hands of the owner and strike another passenger.  The low platforms at almost every station are another obstacle.

None of these problems is insurmountable, but in MTA officials’ minds, they seemed to all add up to make bikes more trouble than they are worth.

A possible breakthrough emerges

Last year’s gas tax increase provided additional funds for transportation, making it possible to finally add weekend service.  Last summer, I reminded Hovatter that he had said “bikes should be allowed” when weekend service starts, because the trains will not be crowded.  I asked if he could provide us with an update of his thinking.

He responded:

I would suggest we wait a few months to see how it is working and how many passengers we will be hauling. We are only running 3 car train sets to start off. If the trains are packed, and we hope they are, I doubt we will be able to handle any bikes, except the folding ones that we allow right now. Check back with us when it starts.


I was not encouraged by that response, but other members of Maryland’s Bicycle and Pedestrian Advisory Committee (MBPAC) were more optimistic.  Greg Hinchliffe, who represents Baltimore on the committee, pressed MDOT’s Michael Jackson to set up a meeting with MARC officials and MBPAC.

As soon as the meeting began, it was clear that something had changed. Rather than listen to cyclist pleas for better service, the MDOT officials decided to have Erich Kolig, MARC’s Chief Mechanical Officer, start the meeting with a presentation that gently lampooned MARC’s existing policy. With a perfect deadpan, Kolig showed the MARC website:

Here is our bicycle policy:  “Due to safety concerns, MARC’s bicycle policy allows for the transportation of folding bicycles only… However, folding bikes are no longer restricted to those carried in a case.”  You see, we do have a bicycle policy.


All the advocates, and Jackson, laughed loudly.

Kolig then explained that he thinks the weekend service and MARC’s capital equipment upgrades provide an opportunity to start carrying bikes on some trains.  While the trains have attracted more passengers than expected, they still carry fewer people than the weekday trains.  His presentation included illustrations depicting how bikes can be safely stored aboard the trains.  He had clearly thought through how to do it, and how to keep the cost low enough to make it economically feasible.

Kolig and Hovatter asked the advocates to not reveal any details of the proposal.

Hovatter seemed favorably disposed to the proposal, although he did not promise that MARC will actually implement it.  The decision to go forward is a few steps above his pay grade.  And some unanticipated problems may arise, since railroads are highly regulated and MARC owns neither the track nor the largest stations on the Penn Line.

Hopefully, the Maryland Department of Transportation will approve Kolig’s recommendation and at least start a pilot project with bikes on weekend trains, as soon as practicable.  The Washington Area Bicyclist Association (WABA) has offered to help MTA officials get cyclist feedback on any draft plan.

Cross-posted at WABA Quick Release.

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Jim Titus lived aboard a 75-foot coast guard cutter at Buzzards Point boatyard in southwest Washington until he was 2. Since then he has lived in Prince George’s County, going to school in Ft. Washington, Accokeek, and College Park before moving to Glenn Dale. He represents Prince George’s on the state of Maryland’s Bicycle and Pedestrian Advisory Committee, and is on the board of directors of the Washington Area Bicyclist Association. Professionally, he works for a federal agency, which asks not to be identified.