Train stations are the perfect nexus of transit and architecture geekdom. They’re monuments to all the things that urbanists hold dear. Luckily, the Washington area is full of wonderful examples of historic depots, big and small. Just about everyone is familiar with Union Station, but have you seen Point of Rocks? Fredericksburg? Gaithersburg?

Here are some pictures of particularly interesting historic train stations in the region, starting with 4 designed by famed B&O Railroad architect Francis Baldwin.

Point of Rocks

Mt Royal Station, Baltimore



Fredericksburg and Perryville stations are clearly cousins, though they were built by different railroads.



Fredericksburg features industrial-style covered platforms, rare for the Washington region.
Before Union Station was built, B&O Railroad had its own DC depot. It’s been gone a century, but Frederick’s 1854 station is architecturally similar, and still stands.

B&O’s old DC station (demolished)

Frederick (standing but not in use)

Being an industrial city, Baltimore is full of interesting depots.

Camden Station. MARC still stops here, but they don’t use the historic depot

President Street Station (1850) is the oldest surviving big-city train station in the US

Here are a few more from around the region. Baldwin-designed stations are marked with an asterisk.

Harpers Ferry *


Chesapeake Beach

Laurel *

Sykesville *

Martinsburg, with hotel attached

Fairfax Station

Kensington *

Based on a post from BeyondDC.

Dan Malouff is a transportation planner for Arlington and an adjunct professor at George Washington University. He has a degree in urban planning from the University of Colorado and lives in Trinidad, DC. He runs BeyondDC and contributes to the Washington Post. Dan blogs to express personal views, and does not take part in GGWash's political endorsement decisions.