Tim Kaine is the Democratic candidate for Vice President. Currently one of Virginia’s US senators, Kaine was the state’s governor from 2006-2010, and its lieutenant governor for the four years before that. We asked our contributors what Kaine has done for and against urbanism.
Kaine was a mayor, so he should understand cities
David Cranor said,
Kaine wasn’t just a senator and a governor. He was the mayor or Richmond, which, while not DC, is a pretty big city. If elected, Kaine be only the second VP ever who had previously been a mayor, and he will be the first former mayor of a major American city— Calvin Coolidge was Mayor of Northhampton, Massachusetts
which is very nice, but not urban.
No former mayor of a city as large as Richmond has ever been elected to either president or VP. Grover Cleveland was mayor of Buffalo, but it was about 33% smaller than Richmond was when Kaine was mayor. So, more than maybe anyone to ever gets this far, he knows about city leadership, municipal government and the problems of urban areas. I think DC could only benefit from a VP (or a president) with an urban sensibility.
But… Sarah Palin was a mayor too, so it’s not magic.
Also, Virginia and Maryland’s congressional delegation often opposes DC Statehood (or home rule really) even when politically they might not, because DC having the ability to pass a commuter tax is something they think would be harmful to their states. To Kaine’s credit he supports it despite this risk to his own constituents. That’s not necessarily an urban thing, but it shows support for DC.
Kaine has a lot of experience in housing
Joanne Pierce pointed out,
Kaine was on the board of Housing Opportunities Made Equal (HOME) of Virginia from 1986-1994 and 2011-2013, starting before he got into local politics.
He helped represent HOME against Nationwide Insurance, which had labeled minority neighborhoods as undesirable and pulled its agents from those areas. He also helped represent HOME against General Services Corp, which made apartment brochures that featured more white people and lacked equal housing logos and language. Staff members testified that company management talked to them about how to deter black people from renting in their properties.
Soon after the Nationwide Insurance case he was elected to city council.
Jeff Lemieux directed us toward Vox’s Matt Yglesias’ write-up on Kaine, which said:
Before Tim Kaine was a senator or a governor or a lieutenant governor or a mayor, he was a lawyer. A lawyer whose very first case was a pro bono assignment representing an African-American woman who’d been turned away from an apartment. The landlord told her it had already been claimed when she stopped by and said she wanted to look at it. She was suspicious and had a colleague call back later that day, and the landlord said it was still available.
Kaine won the case and began specializing in fair-housing issues as a lawyer.
Kaine retained his interest in the subject as he entered politics, winning a $100 million jury verdict against Nationwide for discriminatory lending practices as mayor of Richmond. In the Senate, he’s continued to champion fair-housing issues even though it’s an issue that doesn’t exactly have a ton of appeal to swing voters or well-connected lobbyists.
With Kaine as vice president in the Clinton administration, people worried about housing discrimination will always have an open lane to the president.
Kaine on transit, the environment, and more
Canaan Merchant noted that Kaine had a big impact on transit in our region:
As governor, he was largely responsible for building the Silver Line above ground in Tysons, which happened because the Feds would have walked away otherwise. So he can take a a good deal of credit for the Silver Line but it’s also unfortunate that the climate was such that the line could only be done in a way that may be a hindrance to other elements in Tysons transformation.
Stewart Schwartz, the executive director of the Coalition for Smarter Growth, pointed us toward a Facebook post from Danny Paugher of Virginians for High Speed Rail:
Under Kaine, Virginia launched two Amtrak Regional trains, one to Lynchburg and a 2nd to Richmond which would be extended to Norfolk. Virginia has 4 of the top 6 best performing Regional routes in Amtrak’s entire network thanks to his vision and leadership.
Miles Grant said he’s thankful for a small change Kaine helped push through:
I’d include Kaine’s strong support for Virginia’s bar/restaurant smoking ban as a big public health win. I thought it would take years, then Kaine personally jumped in, helped reach a deal with Speaker Howell, and it was done in no time. He gets little credit because it’s one of those progressive wins that, once it’s in place, everyone loves it and assumes it was always that way.
Julie Lawson isn’t so sure about Kaine’s environmental record:
In the vein of climate and environmental protection, he has not been great on offshore drilling. In 2006, as governor, he vetoed a bill to end a moratorium on offshore drilling. But as senator he was quite supportive of it, including introducing legislation to expand exploration in 2013. This statement on the issue from his Senate site is written in a tone that does make me think he considers a variety of stakeholders and is open to rethinking his positions with compelling reasons.
Joanne pointed us toward CityLab’s article on Kaine’s urbanist contributions:
I’m interested interested to learn that Kaine preserved farmland from development. Under the rules, the money is used to buy the rights to develop on farmland for the purpose of not developing at all, preserving the land and helping the working farms. Kaine also preserved roughly 424,000 acres of land to be set aside for conservation and public recreation.
“Along the lines of what Julie said about considering a variety of stakeholders,” Joanne said, “it looks like Kaine is an urbanist who also takes into consideration the benefit of land as a public resource. He seems to take a balanced approach to development.”
Finally, David Edmondson pointed out that Kaine “got a thumbs-up from Jeff Speck on Twitter, which should count for something:”
Based on my time working with Kaine via the NEA Governors' Institute, I can vouch for his smart-growth and pro-urban instincts.— Jeff Speck (@JeffSpeckAICP) July 23, 2016
Jeff Speck is referring to regulations that said residential subdivisions couldn’t be composed of only culs de sac, which are often an inefficient use of public resources and which cut down on how connected areas are. Kaine supported that change. Unfortunately, the Virginia’s transportation board rolled back the regulation two years after it passed.
Schwartz expanded on Jeff Speck’s input by adding:
Governor Kaine and the Republican House leadership also worked together on other measures to link land use and transportation. The 2007 omnibus transportation bill not only included the connectivity requirements for subdivisions but a requirement that localities identify urban development areas, or “UDA’s.” Both parties recognized that spread out development imposed significant transportation costs to the state and sought to promote more compact development. Unfortunately, like subdivision street connection standards, UDA’s were weakened a few years later when they were made voluntary, instead of mandatory.