The group behind the plan to build a park on the old 11th Street Bridge is seriously committed to making sure the project is a net gain for the communities around it. It wants to work with both the District government and nonprofits to grow the local workforce, boost small businesses, and increase the area’s affordable housing stock.
The 11th Street Bridge Park will concentrate activity on the east side of the Anacostia River. Image from the 11th Street Bridge Park.
The plan includes 19 concrete recommendations for how to bring economic opportunities to the neighborhoods adjacent to the park without also bringing the negatives that neighborhoods often experience when they get wealthier.
Of course, the 11th Street Bridge Park team, based out of Ward 8’s Building Bridges across the River at THEARC, exists mostly to build a park on the foundations of an old highway bridge over the Anacostia River. And it’s getting there. The team has raised around 11 of the 45 million dollars required to build and endow the park.
The typical gentrification narrative doesn’t work for Anacostia residents
But by its very nature—it would connect Capitol Hill to Historic Anacostia—the coming park will be another chapter in the larger narrative of change in neighborhoods east of the Anacostia River.
The Census tracts the Bridge Park team wants to focus its social efforts on. Image from the 11th Street Bridge Park.
For years, activists have lamented the District’s tendency to place social services and subsidized housing in Historic Anacostia. Residents want to see an the increase in home prices, new restaurants, and a refreshed neighborhood image that investment would foster. They say, it’s OK if some of that comes from wealthier residents, moving in, as long as they can be around to enjoy it.
Media coverage of gentrification often frames it a zero-sum class conflict with strong racial and cultural overtones. Academic coverage tends to see it as an inevitable outcome of real estate developers seeking big profits on cheap investments. But studies of whether these theories actually predict demographic changes show a mixed record.
The Bridge Park’s Equitable Development Task Force is recommending a different approach. It has avoided the inflammatory language of gentrification, instead honing in on investments now that can prevent the involuntary displacement of current residents in the future.
The bridge park can take an innovative approach to change
Scott Kratz, the Bridge Park team’s leader, sees the project as a chance for the District government and grassroots activists to cooperate on efforts to help grow a neighborhood that has suffered badly from disinvestment.
The Bridge Park team plans to implement a few of the task force’s ideas itself. For example, they want to incubate small retail businesses on the bridge, and making the routes to the park more walkable, so people venture into Anacostia’s retail strip.
And while the Bridge Park can’t do all that much by way of building new housing or pushing for a legislative overhaul of the District’s hiring laws, it can reach out and focus the attention of institutions that are already working on those issues on this specific moment and time.
Working with the city, Kratz’s team wants to establish a community land trust, connect residents to existing public programs, and put local businesses in any buildings built by the District.
Working with seasoned nonprofit organizations, the team wants to push for more housing in the area, both market-rate and affordable, encourage nonprofit developers, and connect teenagers to mentorships.
It’s a long list, and some goals are bigger than others. But it shows a vision of constructive approaches to the economic changes that have been happening in DC. It may also be a test case for other economic development projects. If the city is serious about using the Wizards practice facility to improve Congress Heights, maybe it could look to the task force’s action plan for ways to go beyond just putting the building in a low-income neighborhood.
You can read the full list here. The task force is accepting comments throughout September. It will present its first round of revisions in October 3rd, and a final, more detailed set of strategies on November 5th.